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São Carlos

by Richard Meckien - published Sep 24, 2013 02:05 PM - - last modified Sep 02, 2015 10:55 PM
Rights: Carlos Malferrari

The first IEA hub was established in São Carlos in 1997. The city has about 220 thousand inhabitants and a floating population of nearly 20 thousand, mostly graduate and undergraduate students from all parts of Brazil. Located in the central region of the state of São Paulo, 234 km from the capital, São Carlos is known as an industrial, academic and technological hub, with agriculture also being an important economic activity (dairy products, orange, sugar cane, poultry, and corn in particular).

It hosts about 200 technology-based companies, noted for their innovation, as well as many large industries (including Volkswagen, Faber-Castell and Electrolux), research centers (two units of the Brazilian Agricultural Research Company, Embrapa), and two major public universities, the Federal University of São Carlos and a USP campus. Due to this, it presents a high concentration of scientists, having a doctor for every 180 inhabitants, and an annual average of 14.5 patents per 100 thousand inhabitants; nationally, these rates are 5,423 inhabitants per doctor and 3.2 patents per 100 thousand inhabitants.

São Carlos is also home to the Advanced Technology Foundation (ParqTec), a non-governmental organization that aims to promote the city's technological development by transferring technology from universities and research centers to business companies.