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Unemployment in Brazil and future prospects

by Richard Meckien - published Oct 01, 2015 05:20 PM - - last modified Oct 08, 2015 10:47 AM
Rights: Original version in Portuguese by Sylvia Miguel

Labor market, employment, income, social and economic development, and vocational training are recurring themes in the debates at the IEA and in the dossiers published by the Institute's journal Estudos Avançados. On October 16, the IEA will host some of the greatest Brazilian specialists to discuss the issue, which will also receive a special dossier to be published in the next edition of the IEA's journal, issue 85. The debate Unemployment in Brazil will take place in the IEA Events Room, from 9 am to 12 pm.

According to the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), in July 2015 there was a record annual growth of the unemployed population, in reference to the series started in 2002. In July, the population that was looking for work in the country reached 1.8 million people, an increase of 9.4% compared to June 2015 and of 56% compared to July 2014.

In the debate at the IEA, the conferencists will not only analyze this performance, but also present a comprehensive diagnosis of the current situation and future prospects of the labor market.

With the mediation of Alfredo Bosi, chief editor of Estudos Avançados, the meeting will have as panelists economist Marcio Pochman, who will also coordinate the seminar, Anselmo Luis dos Santos, Executive Director of the UNICAMP's Center for Studies on Unions and Work Economics (CESIT), José Dari Krein, a professor at UNICAMP and also director of CESIT, and economist Patrícia Pelatieri, expert in public finances and executive coordinator of the Inter-Union Department of Statistics and Socioeconomic Studies (DIEESE). Pochmann, Santos and Krein will have articles published in the dossier on unemployment that Estudos Avançados will launch.

Former president of the Institute of Applied Economic Research (IPEA) and former Secretary of Development, Labor and Social Development of the Municipality of São Paulo, Porchman will examine issues as the changes in the employee's income and the increase of the unemployment rate in big cities. For him, the panorama of the unemployed in the cities stems fundamentally from the advance of the economic recession. The reflections of the economic adjustment policies are reviewed by Pochmann in the article "Economic Adjustment and the recent unemployment in metropolitan Brazil", to be published in the issue 85 of the journal. The article presents consolidated data of recent months and the latest movements in the labor market.

Santos, from UNICAMP, will analyze the pattern of the insertion of the young in the Brazilian labor market between 2004 and 2015. The phases of relative economic stagnation, the demographic changes, the biggest growth rate in some periods and social policy reflections cause impact on the labor market. The professor will examine these aspects in the debate as he also did in the dossier's article, signed with economist Denis Maracci Gimenez, associate director of the CESIT / UNICAMP.

The intervention of the union movement in policies which affect employment and unemployment will be the theme of Krein's conference. In the journal's dossier, he has published the article "The unions and the dynamics of work" with other authors.

The dossier also includes an article by sociologist Clemente Ganz Lúcio, technical director of DIEESE and member of the Council for Economic and Social Development (CDES). In his text, Lúcio not only analyzes the new dynamics of the labor market in Brazil, but also indicates policies and measures to reverse the current situation.